Dog Supplements

An Amazing Statistic

That includes young pups that are not demonstrating symptoms; with no lameness or other symptoms of pain that would be visible. Now, this number is staggering when you consider that this veterinarian was talking about puppies less than one year old.

What is Hip Dysplasia?Hip dysplasia is basically a “ball and socket” kind of condition. In short, the joint does not fit right or it “pops” out of line. A cat or a dog may be born with this condition; or, it may result from activity and stress. Veterinarians face several different scenarios here. As I have said in previous articles this is a condition that larger breed dogs are prone to developing. However, this veterinarian was describing all young puppies he had studied. The more fundamental question is this. If young animals have this condition, it generally worsens. Even though they are not demonstrating symptoms this early in life as it progresses, pain and disability are inevitable.

Working on the Problem NowFor an adult pet that already has symptoms, many of those who read this column are doing what I recommend. They are using a safe and effective approach by using a high-quality liquid glucosamine formula. (I have already cautioned about the use of some remedies made available by veterinarians.)

So, what should you do?For those who have younger pets, why wait? Do you really need the expense of an x-ray to make a decision about this? Of course not. By nature, pets are playful and active. The eventual consequence is that they will develop joint pain as a result of trauma, aging, or both.

A Simple SolutionBe proactive now. As adults, many of us wish we had done more to care for our joints earlier in life. Most of us take vitamins and minerals as supplements and the smart consumer is using a liquid glucosamine of the highest quality. The cost of the best liquid formulas is low and is given to pets based on body weight. For smaller animals, the cost is negligible compared to the potential for problems down the road. For a pet that weighs 10-20 pounds, we are talking about pennies. My suggestion is to use a high-quality liquid glucosamine for maintenance early on. As that article indicated, the number of pets with hip dysplasia is very high even with no symptoms being displayed. There is no reason to wait until your pet is in pain and suffering.

Asbestos discovery triggers evacuation and closure of New Jersey middle school

Tuesday, May 20, 2008

The discovery of the presence of airborne asbestos in a middle school in Montclair, New Jersey Friday prompted the evacuation of over 200 students from the school and the school’s closure. Renaissance Middle School, part of the Montclair Public Schools in New Jersey, was closed Monday and remains closed Tuesday while undergoing asbestos testing and cleaning.

According to a letter sent home to parents by the Superintendent’s Office of Montclair Public Schools on Friday, “plaster may have been disturbed” during construction on new fire doors at the Renaissance School building on Thursday.

An inspection arranged by the school district indicated asbestos was present in the plaster, and a subsequent inspection performed by asbestos consultant Detail Associates revealed “a level of airborne asbestos fibers that exceeded the acceptable range” in the third floor hallway of the school. Montclair Public Schools business administrator Dana Sullivan told The Star-Ledger that testing conducted on March 31 revealed the presence of asbestos in a brown undercoating of plaster at the Renaissance School building.

The safety of our students and staff is always our first concern.

The affected area was sealed off, and some students were moved to other areas of the building while others were moved to off-site locations. District Public Information Officer Laura Federico told The Montclair Times that sixth and seventh graders were transported to Hillside Elementary School, and eighth graders were bussed to Montclair High School. “The safety of our students and staff is always our first concern,” said Federico.

According to The Montclair Times, Detail Associates conducted a cleaning protocol at the school on Saturday and tested the building to make sure it did not contain unacceptable levels of asbestos fibers. The letter sent to parents Friday by the Superintendent’s Office said that Detail Associates had told the district that the building would be “cleaned, tested and cleared for occupancy by Monday morning”. The school remained closed Monday, and a meeting was held between parents and school district officials. A Parent-Teacher Association meeting is planned for Wednesday night.

The Star-Ledger reported that the ongoing asbestos cleanup of the school is being supervised by the state Department of Environmental Protection. At the meeting Monday morning between parents and school district officials, parents demanded that the inside of lockers be included as part of the asbestos cleanup. This additional step in the asbestos inspection process prompted the school’s closure Tuesday. A Monday statement by the Business Office of Montclair Public Schools said that the Renaissance School would remain closed Tuesday for sixth and seventh grade students “so that an extensive cleanup and additional asbestos testing can be completed”. Eighth grade students did not have classes scheduled as a trip to Washington, D.C. had previously been planned; the school trip is unaffected by the recent asbestos incident.

The kids will be able to go back to school soon, and that’s the important part.

Steve Jaraczewski of Detail Associates was present at the district meeting Monday, and said that one of four test samples taken at the school was positive for the presence of airborne asbestos at over six times acceptable levels. Jaraczewski was critical of the asbestos management plan provided by Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark, which owns the school’s building and leases it to Montclair Public Schools.

Jaraczewski said that the state Department of Environmental Protection has required asbestos management plans since 1988, but that the company that drafted the asbestos plan for the Archdiocese of Newark is out of business. Representative for the archdiocese Jim Goodness emphasized that the building would be back open for classes soon. “The kids will be able to go back to school soon, and that’s the important part,” said Goodness.

Exposure to airborne asbestos can lead to mesothelioma, a cancer which develops in the sac surrounding the lungs and chest cavity, abdominal cavity, or the sac surrounding the heart. Exposure to disturbed asbestos fibers can also lead to lung scarring, a condition called asbestosis, and lung cancer. Patients with malignant mesothelioma generally do not have positive outcomes, and once diagnosed have six months to a year to live.

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Public Relations

Net Marketing And Advertising Explained In 5 Minutes Or Significantly Less

Submitted by: Dyanna Eada

World wide web marketing is still a comprehensive mystery to a significant majority of World wide web users. For a lot of internet users, online marketing is witnessed as some foreign area of the web, populated with silly get-rich-fast schemes and unsavory characters all set to rip off the innocent and uninformed customer at the click of a mouse.In truth, World wide web marketing could not be additional removed from this unfaltering photograph. In actuality, World wide web marketing is populated mainly with challenging doing work pros marketing and promoting high top quality brand merchandise by a lot of of the world’s Best 500 firms.Throughout the world there are now more than a billion World wide web users, representing a single significant global customer base or market. The total volume of items marketed online has been steadily growing every single year as the World wide web gains in equally popularity and familiarity. Scientific studies have demonstrated individuals store online since of reduced charges, a wider variety of merchandise, less difficult comparison buying, and a lot of just want not possessing to journey to merchants to make a acquire.Handling all this online e-commerce is a total sector of firms, hosting companies, web designers, promoting companies… and so on. All this online commerce has also provided rise to a comparatively new creature — the professional World wide web marketer. 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The Brick and Mortar Shop OnlineMost key firms and retail merchants have developed online versions of their brick and mortar businesses. Even if customers really don’t obtain online, a lot of use these sites for gathering merchandise details ahead of acquiring in the actual entire world. A element a lot of savvy businesses are exploiting in their overall marketing techniques.two. Online ServicesMany service industries have moved online, every thing from journey to banking to dating! Yet again, the World wide web can be a rewarding extension for any service company.three. World wide web Goods/World wide web GurusWorld wide web marketing has a total historical past of pioneers who have forgedthe approaches and techniques of marketing online – decide-in lists, mini-sites, report marketing, pay out-per-click promoting, joint ventures… a quick historical past populated with these names as John Reese, Marlon Sanders, Ralph Wilson, Yanik Silver, Corey Rudl, Ken Evoy and numerous other people.A total new business has grown all around ‘How-to’ industry online, data merchandise, workshops and web seminars — instructing individuals how to industry on the World wide web. A marketer making his individual merchandise can demonstrate really productive as witnessed by John Reese’s 2004 start of Site visitors Strategies, which earned more than a million bucks in a single day. (With out a penny of compensated promoting!)four. Online Advertising and PromotionPay out-Per-Click promoting these as individuals supplied by Google Adwords and other firms presents an additional feasible marketing route. Keywords (the actual phrases typed into a lookup engine) fuel a significant portion of the web’s exercise, keyword marketing has turn into a key driving power behind most of the financial transactions on the web. This is a really worthwhile sector for individuals World wide web marketers who know just what they’re doing.Then there is the total part of Search engine optimization experts and consultants who command high charges for positioning firms or merchandise in the leading positions on the key lookup engines. Acquiring natural Best 10 lookup final results (SERPs) will tremendously determine the profitability of your online merchandise or company.five. Affiliate MarketingA single of the minimum comprehended, nevertheless a single of the most rewarding kinds of World wide web marketing is affiliate marketing. An online marketer can join any affiliate program and advertise its merchandise or services on the World wide web. Youindustry the merchandise, uncover clients for the company and get a lower or commission for every single sale you make from your marketing efforts. These commissions can run anyplace from two% to more than 50%. A single affiliate click can earn you anyplace from a couple of cents to many hundreds of bucks.Significant 3rd celebration affiliate programs or firms these as Commission Junction, LinkShare, Amazon, Shareasale… acts as a brokerage or go-in between representing thousands of Best Brand firms these as Sony, Apple, Dell… to online affiliate marketers. Marketers can join a program these as Commission Junction or LinkShare and be in a position to advertise and industry hundred of leading top quality merchandise or services online. They can consolidate their affiliate marketing by means of these 3rd celebration programs.Probably the most common company model for the majority of online marketers is the previous illustration, or a blend of promoting and affiliate income. Many work-from-residence pros have adopted this company model. They have developed internet site or sites on the subject that interests them and of which they have or have acquired some specialist information.When these sites turn into established and gathering a significant volume of targeted web traffic every single day, making a nice cash flow can only be a matter of placing the Google Adsense code on their pages and placing a couple of appropriate affiliate back links on their sites.The more traffic these marketers provide to their sites, the more cash flow they earn. The more special subject material they generate, the more cash flow they earn. The more web sites they design, the more cash flow they earn.What a lot of individuals outside of the web marketing field fail to recognize, the World wide web is a 24/7/365 company. The World wide web is constantly on and doing work for you. It is immediately producing cash flow for you 24 hours of the day, whilst you’re sleeping, whilst you’re experiencing a nice meal with pals, or even whilst you’re on vacation.World wide web marketing can provide you with a life style that is entirely liberating — you can stay and work anyplace in the entire world. You can be your individual boss, set your individual hours and work from the comfort of your individual residence. Plus your total online World wide web company can be automated so it basically runs by itself.World wide web marketing is entirely versatile. You can adjust your workload to fit your individual work routines. World wide web marketing is scalable, the moment you have realized how to make your 1st dollar, it is only a basic matter of repeating and scaling up what you did to earn that dollar. Computers and the World wide web tends to make it just as simple to take care of a thousand income as it is to take care of a single sale.As World wide web marketing results in being much better acknowledged, it will gradually earn more and more respect. It will turn into a well regarded occupation that a lot of will aspire to and follow as a lifestyle prolonged occupation. Generally since World wide web marketing will give you the independence almost never witnessed in any other occupation.It delivers you mobility, a high common of residing, and a doing work setting that can’t be defeat. It provides you the independence to follow your individual interests and hobbies all the whilst turning individuals interests into feasible revenue streams that supports the life style of your individual picking. When it is all explained and carried out, earning a residing just doesn’t get any much better than this.

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Wolfowitz picked for top spot at World Bank

Friday, March 18, 2005

The White House announced the selection of Paul Wolfowitz to head the World Bank, replacing John Wolfensohn who retires as acting president after 10 years. The switch is expected to occur sometime in June.

The choice of Wolfowitz is raising controversy in Europe and developing nations. Known as hawkish and outspoken, Wolfowitz was a pro-Iraqi war neo-conservative in his role as deputy Secretary of Defense, and a chief architect in the build up to war with Iraq. Some question whether Wolfowitz, who was criticized for brushing aside European and NATO calls for caution before the Iraq war, would use the International Monetary Fund (IMF) as tool to extend U.S. foreign policy interests.

Historically, it has been the White House’s prerogative to name the candidate because the U.S. holds a majority on the 24 member board, but board members from nations other than the U.S. are seeking their own interviews to qualify the candidate before a change is made. “The executive directors have agreed to conduct informal meetings over the coming days with the US nominee as part of the consultative process.” the IMF said in a statement. “Thereafter, the executive directors will meet in a formal session to select the president at which time an official announcement of the outcome will be made,” it said. The vote is set for March 31, the same day Wolfensohn retires.

Rob Nichols, the US Treasury spokesperson, said Wolfowitz has begun scheduling meetings with board members and that, “Our nominee… looks forward to meeting with and listening to members of the World Bank board.” Reuters reported. In the meantime, Wolfowitz has worked to assure those with concerns of him, saying he would come with an open mind and no political program.

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Communal tension erupts in Vadodara, India

Wednesday, May 3, 2006

Violence erupted in Vadodara in the state of Gujarat after municipal authorities demolished a dargah (Muslim shrine). The shrine was an unauthorised structure that was obstructing a road-widening project.

Learn more about communalism (South Asia) on Wikipedia.

The Muslim community objected to its demolition citing the fact that it was at least 200 years old. They also observed that many Hindu temples that were unauthorised were spared. Despite the reservations of the minority community, the authorities decided to proceed with the razing of the dargah, leading to rioting.

At least 6 people were killed in the clashes, and one citizen (35 year-old Rafiq Vora) was burnt alive in his car by an angry mob. Curfew has been imposed in the troubled areas and the sending of instigatory text messages prompted authorities to temporarily block the sending of mobile-phone text messages in the town.

Learn more about the 2002 Gujarat violence on Wikipedia.

Vadodara is infamous for the horrific Hindu-Muslim clashes in 2002, which left thousands dead. To avoid the recurrence of such a tragedy, six battalions of Rapid Action Force anti-riot police and multiple companies of the Central Reserve Police Force have been rushed to Vadodara. Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi, who was Chief Minister during the 2002 Gujarat violence, for which the state government was accused by various independent human rights groups as well as major Indian newspapers of supporting, and in some cases instigating, the violence, is visiting Vadodara and has promised that all efforts would be made to prevent the situation from escalating any further. Home Minister Shivraj Patil is also monitoring the situation closely.

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Amir Khan Vs Zab Judah Boxing Fight Previews

On July 23 young British boxer / Punch and WBA lightwelterweight Amir Khan (25-1, 17 KOs) will step in his brilliant spotlight andundoubtedly toughest test yet as he faces almost old 33-year-old speed demon,Brooklyn native and IBF light welterweight champion, Zab Judah (41-6, 28 KO) ina unification bout, and more importantly for both guys to decide who will go upwelterweight / welterweight ladder of light an even bigger prize (Pacqiuao /Jr.) or falling into oblivion competitor in a sport and getting darker.24 yearsyoung Khan will carry the banner of Youth and almost all the current hype ofboxing in Britain, hope / like rapid aging, but Judah is always dangerous a desperateattempt to prove that the old bulls still have a chance in this place of youngbulls.Khan, 25-1 (17), is the favorite, but Judah, 41 6 (28), 2NC, get used towinning. It is a struggle for the hometown champ former undisputedwelterweight, who was born in Brooklyn but now lives and trains in Las Vegas.

Coach of Judah, the four former world champion PernellWhitaker, said his men intended to “crush” Khan and “put on ashow” in their struggle for 18th world title.Whitaker said: “He ismentally focused he is more mature than ever before All these things thathappened in your past, that is all you have to do is pick up what you have seenlast March and image is better .. .. “Whitaker refers to victory in theseventh round of the South African Kaizer Mabuza in Newark that Judah went downthe floor to retrieve the IBF belt he won for the first time in 2000.ManagerKhan, Asif Vali, known Judah is a breeze. “It’s a big fight Amir and is anobstacle that you overcome,” said Vali. “He wants two belts.”Roach,who also trains Manny Pacquiao Filipino icon, Khan said he had enjoyed his bestever training camp.He added: “Zab has experience puts cheating know when,where and why it does – and we have an answer to the three that has theyoungest, coolest guy who dominate the older man ….”However, Judah wasstopped only twice and lost only once at 140 pounds – a controversialsecond-round defeat of Kostya Tszyu almost 10 years ago, Judah bitterlycontested.

Although Khan’s main weapon is his speed, Whitaker said,”I do not know if there is anyone in boxing faster than Zab not worryabout the speed of other Zab has great upper body movement he can make shotsless …. I have a curiosity about how Zab is going to stop using his speedagainst him.”Zab is 33 years old. He is at his best. It’s your time. Ithink the next three or four years, the way that boxing right now, will be atthe top. We intend to go there and put on a show and that the fight is as easyas possible. “Larry Merchant, HBO veteran analyst, says that Judah will bedangerous in the early rounds, but believes that it is more of a boxer-puncherthan he was earlier in his career.”Khan is the younger, fasterfighter,” said Merchant. “When a boxer is considered faster than mostof his opponents a little more, and fights against a fighter who is faster thanhim, he makes the round of the equation. Unless one or two blows changes of thefight, Khan seems to have the advantage. “Merchant, Khan said the fightingmentality largely decided by the approach of Judah.”If you should find that Judahcannot really catch up with this guy, or is too quick to hand, and decides thesurvival, the struggle becomes one Khan wins.

Wikinews interviews Democratic candidate for the Texas 6th congressional district special election Daryl Eddings, Sr’s campaign manager

Tuesday, April 20, 2021

Wikinews extended invitations by e-mail on March 23 to multiple candidates running in the Texas’ 6th congressional district special election of May 1 to fill a vacancy left upon the death of Republican congressman Ron Wright. Of them, the office of Democrat Daryl Eddings, Sr. agreed to answer some questions by phone March 30 about their campaigns and policies. The following is the interview with Ms Chatham on behalf of Mr Eddings, Sr.

Eddings is a federal law enforcement officer and senior non-commissioned officer in the US military. His experience as operations officer of an aviation unit in the California National Guard includes working in Los Angeles to control riots sparked by the O. J. Simpson murder case and the police handling of Rodney King, working with drug interdiction teams in Panama and Central America and fighting in the Middle East. He is the founder of Operation Battle Buddy, which has under his leadership kept in touch with over 20 thousand veterans and their families. He was born in California, but moved to Midlothian, Texas. He endeavours to bring “good government, not no government”. Campaign manager Faith Chatham spoke to Wikinews on matters ranging from healthcare to housing.

An Inside Elections poll published on March 18 shows Republican candidate Susan Wright, the widow of Ron Wright, is ahead by 21% followed by Democrat Jana Sanchez with 17% and Republican Jake Ellzey with 8% with a 4.6% margin of error among 450 likely voters. The district is considered “lean Republican” by Inside Elections and voted 51% in favour of Donald Trump in last year’s US presidential election. This is down from 54% for Trump in 2016’s presidential election, the same poll stated.

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Australian governments to spend $1.1 billion on mental health

Saturday, February 11, 2006

Australian Prime Minister John Howard and state and territory leaders have promised to spend an extra AU$1.1 billion on mental health over the next five years. The funding is part of a broad strategy to improve the standard of mental health care, and includes additional places for medical students and a national phone advice network.

The announcement was made at the Council of Australian Governments meeting. NSW Premier Morris Iemma praised the plan. “At long last there is real hope for the mentally ill and their families,” he said.

The focus of the strategy will be prevention and early detection. This includes a tougher stance on cannabis cultivation. In the past few weeks the Prime Minister and a number of state Premiers have linked cannabis use to mental illnesses such as schizophrenia.

The number of medicine positions at universities will be increased by increasing the cap on full fee paying students. Loan assistance for medical students will also be increased.

Federal Opposition leader Kim Beazley was critical of the announcement, saying that the mental health system has been in need of reform for ten years.

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Online Bohemian Fashion

Essential Information About Decorative Electrical Supply In Nyc

byAlma Abell

With the advancement in technology, you can now enjoy a luxurious shower with just a press of the button. The use of electric showers has increased in the current times because of their efficiency and splendid styles. An electric shower has many inbuilt features that allow hot water to flow smoothly. You can easily control the water temperature as well as the amount of water flowing from the shower.

Decorative pull switches and designer switches have also become quite common in many modern households. These beautiful and unique switches can help to complement the decor of any room. They are supplied in a variety of colors and designs. Other decorative electrical supplies include sockets and screw-less switches, which appear quite sophisticated. The sockets are designed to cover screws, and thus prove to be a kind of embellishment to the rooms.

Today, modern homes require trendy and stylish electrical appliances that complement their interior decor. There is a wide range of electrical supplies that are stylish and affordable in the market today. Therefore, you can easily find the best Electrical Supply NYC, which will provide safety as well as style. Most decorative electrical appliances are supplied in a variety of designs and colors to match the interiors of any room. For example, lights, cables and fan switches are available in different colors such as brass color, black nickel, and satin chrome so that they can match the interiors decor of any home.

When you purchase your decorative Electrical Supply NYC from S & V General Supply Co. Inc., it is important you hire a license electrician to install it for you. A qualified electrician has adequate knowledge of the different types of electrical supplies. They will that your newly purchased electrical supply is installed properly and in a way, it adds the decor of the room. It is important you consider factors such as experience, education, licenses, insurance and the location of the electrician before you hire their services.

There are other decorative electrical supplies such as heating systems, ceiling fans, electric boxes, extension cords, security systems and power controllers available in the market today. However, you should make sure that all your electrical devices are installed by a qualified electrician to avoid the dangers associated with faulty installations.

National Museum of Scotland reopens after three-year redevelopment

Friday, July 29, 2011

Today sees the reopening of the National Museum of Scotland following a three-year renovation costing £47.4 million (US$ 77.3 million). Edinburgh’s Chambers Street was closed to traffic for the morning, with the 10am reopening by eleven-year-old Bryony Hare, who took her first steps in the museum, and won a competition organised by the local Evening News paper to be a VIP guest at the event. Prior to the opening, Wikinews toured the renovated museum, viewing the new galleries, and some of the 8,000 objects inside.

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Dressed in Victorian attire, Scottish broadcaster Grant Stott acted as master of ceremonies over festivities starting shortly after 9am. The packed street cheered an animatronic Tyrannosaurus Rex created by Millenium FX; onlookers were entertained with a twenty-minute performance by the Mugenkyo Taiko Drummers on the steps of the museum; then, following Bryony Hare knocking three times on the original doors to ask that the museum be opened, the ceremony was heralded with a specially composed fanfare – played on a replica of the museum’s 2,000-year-old carnyx Celtic war-horn. During the fanfare, two abseilers unfurled white pennons down either side of the original entrance.

The completion of the opening to the public was marked with Chinese firecrackers, and fireworks, being set off on the museum roof. As the public crowded into the museum, the Mugenkyo Taiko Drummers resumed their performance; a street theatre group mingled with the large crowd, and the animatronic Tyrannosaurus Rex entertained the thinning crowd of onlookers in the centre of the street.

On Wednesday, the museum welcomed the world’s press for an in depth preview of the new visitor experience. Wikinews was represented by Brian McNeil, who is also Wikimedia UK’s interim liaison with Museum Galleries Scotland.

The new pavement-level Entrance Hall saw journalists mingle with curators. The director, Gordon Rintoul, introduced presentations by Gareth Hoskins and Ralph Applebaum, respective heads of the Architects and Building Design Team; and, the designers responsible for the rejuvenation of the museum.

Describing himself as a “local lad”, Hoskins reminisced about his grandfather regularly bringing him to the museum, and pushing all the buttons on the numerous interactive exhibits throughout the museum. Describing the nearly 150-year-old museum as having become “a little tired”, and a place “only visited on a rainy day”, he commented that many international visitors to Edinburgh did not realise that the building was a public space; explaining the focus was to improve access to the museum – hence the opening of street-level access – and, to “transform the complex”, focus on “opening up the building”, and “creating a number of new spaces […] that would improve facilities and really make this an experience for 21st century museum visitors”.

Hoskins explained that a “rabbit warren” of storage spaces were cleared out to provide street-level access to the museum; the floor in this “crypt-like” space being lowered by 1.5 metres to achieve this goal. Then Hoskins handed over to Applebaum, who expressed his delight to be present at the reopening.

Applebaum commented that one of his first encounters with the museum was seeing “struggling young mothers with two kids in strollers making their way up the steps”, expressing his pleasure at this being made a thing of the past. Applebaum explained that the Victorian age saw the opening of museums for public access, with the National Museum’s earlier incarnation being the “College Museum” – a “first window into this museum’s collection”.

Have you any photos of the museum, or its exhibits?

The museum itself is physically connected to the University of Edinburgh’s old college via a bridge which allowed students to move between the two buildings.

Applebaum explained that the museum will, now redeveloped, be used as a social space, with gatherings held in the Grand Gallery, “turning the museum into a social convening space mixed with knowledge”. Continuing, he praised the collections, saying they are “cultural assets [… Scotland is] turning those into real cultural capital”, and the museum is, and museums in general are, providing a sense of “social pride”.

McNeil joined the yellow group on a guided tour round the museum with one of the staff. Climbing the stairs at the rear of the Entrance Hall, the foot of the Window on the World exhibit, the group gained a first chance to see the restored Grand Gallery. This space is flooded with light from the glass ceiling three floors above, supported by 40 cast-iron columns. As may disappoint some visitors, the fish ponds have been removed; these were not an original feature, but originally installed in the 1960s – supposedly to humidify the museum; and failing in this regard. But, several curators joked that they attracted attention as “the only thing that moved” in the museum.

The museum’s original architect was Captain Francis Fowke, also responsible for the design of London’s Royal Albert Hall; his design for the then-Industrial Museum apparently inspired by Joseph Paxton’s Crystal Palace.

The group moved from the Grand Gallery into the Discoveries Gallery to the south side of the museum. The old red staircase is gone, and the Millennium Clock stands to the right of a newly-installed escalator, giving easier access to the upper galleries than the original staircases at each end of the Grand Gallery. Two glass elevators have also been installed, flanking the opening into the Discoveries Gallery and, providing disabled access from top-to-bottom of the museum.

The National Museum of Scotland’s origins can be traced back to 1780 when the 11th Earl of Buchan, David Stuart Erskine, formed the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland; the Society being tasked with the collection and preservation of archaeological artefacts for Scotland. In 1858, control of this was passed to the government of the day and the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland came into being. Items in the collection at that time were housed at various locations around the city.

On Wednesday, October 28, 1861, during a royal visit to Edinburgh by Queen Victoria, Prince-Consort Albert laid the foundation-stone for what was then intended to be the Industrial Museum. Nearly five years later, it was the second son of Victoria and Albert, Prince Alfred, the then-Duke of Edinburgh, who opened the building which was then known as the Scottish Museum of Science and Art. A full-page feature, published in the following Monday’s issue of The Scotsman covered the history leading up to the opening of the museum, those who had championed its establishment, the building of the collection which it was to house, and Edinburgh University’s donation of their Natural History collection to augment the exhibits put on public display.

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Selection of views of the Grand Gallery Image: Brian McNeil.

Selection of views of the Grand Gallery Image: Brian McNeil.

Selection of views of the Grand Gallery Image: Brian McNeil.

Closed for a little over three years, today’s reopening of the museum is seen as the “centrepiece” of National Museums Scotland’s fifteen-year plan to dramatically improve accessibility and better present their collections. Sir Andrew Grossard, chair of the Board of Trustees, said: “The reopening of the National Museum of Scotland, on time and within budget is a tremendous achievement […] Our collections tell great stories about the world, how Scots saw that world, and the disproportionate impact they had upon it. The intellectual and collecting impact of the Scottish diaspora has been profound. It is an inspiring story which has captured the imagination of our many supporters who have helped us achieve our aspirations and to whom we are profoundly grateful.

The extensive work, carried out with a view to expand publicly accessible space and display more of the museums collections, carried a £47.4 million pricetag. This was jointly funded with £16 million from the Scottish Government, and £17.8 million from the Heritage Lottery Fund. Further funds towards the work came from private sources and totalled £13.6 million. Subsequent development, as part of the longer-term £70 million “Masterplan”, is expected to be completed by 2020 and see an additional eleven galleries opened.

The funding by the Scottish Government can be seen as a ‘canny‘ investment; a report commissioned by National Museums Scotland, and produced by consultancy firm Biggar Economics, suggest the work carried out could be worth £58.1 million per year, compared with an estimated value to the economy of £48.8 prior to the 2008 closure. Visitor figures are expected to rise by over 20%; use of function facilities are predicted to increase, alongside other increases in local hospitality-sector spending.

Proudly commenting on the Scottish Government’s involvement Fiona Hyslop, Cabinet Secretary for Culture and External Affairs, described the reopening as, “one of the nation’s cultural highlights of 2011” and says the rejuvenated museum is, “[a] must-see attraction for local and international visitors alike“. Continuing to extol the museum’s virtues, Hyslop states that it “promotes the best of Scotland and our contributions to the world.

So-far, the work carried out is estimated to have increased the public space within the museum complex by 50%. Street-level storage rooms, never before seen by the public, have been transformed into new exhibit space, and pavement-level access to the buildings provided which include a new set of visitor facilities. Architectural firm Gareth Hoskins have retained the original Grand Gallery – now the first floor of the museum – described as a “birdcage” structure and originally inspired by The Crystal Palace built in Hyde Park, London for the 1851 Great Exhibition.

The centrepiece in the Grand Gallery is the “Window on the World” exhibit, which stands around 20 metres tall and is currently one of the largest installations in any UK museum. This showcases numerous items from the museum’s collections, rising through four storeys in the centre of the museum. Alexander Hayward, the museums Keeper of Science and Technology, challenged attending journalists to imagine installing “teapots at thirty feet”.

The redeveloped museum includes the opening of sixteen brand new galleries. Housed within, are over 8,000 objects, only 20% of which have been previously seen.

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The Window on the World rises through the four floors of the museum and contains over 800 objects. This includes a gyrocopter from the 1930s, the world’s largest scrimshaw – made from the jaws of a sperm whale which the University of Edinburgh requested for their collection, a number of Buddha figures, spearheads, antique tools, an old gramophone and record, a selection of old local signage, and a girder from the doomed Tay Bridge.

The arrangement of galleries around the Grand Gallery’s “birdcage” structure is organised into themes across multiple floors. The World Cultures Galleries allow visitors to explore the culture of the entire planet; Living Lands explains the ways in which our natural environment influences the way we live our lives, and the beliefs that grow out of the places we live – from the Arctic cold of North America to Australia’s deserts.

The adjacent Patterns of Life gallery shows objects ranging from the everyday, to the unusual from all over the world. The functions different objects serve at different periods in peoples’ lives are explored, and complement the contents of the Living Lands gallery.

Performance & Lives houses musical instruments from around the world, alongside masks and costumes; both rooted in long-established traditions and rituals, this displayed alongside contemporary items showing the interpretation of tradition by contemporary artists and instrument-creators.

The museum proudly bills the Facing the Sea gallery as the only one in the UK which is specifically based on the cultures of the South Pacific. It explores the rich diversity of the communities in the region, how the sea shapes the islanders’ lives – describing how their lives are shaped as much by the sea as the land.

Both the Facing the Sea and Performance & Lives galleries are on the second floor, next to the new exhibition shop and foyer which leads to one of the new exhibition galleries, expected to house the visiting Amazing Mummies exhibit in February, coming from Leiden in the Netherlands.

The Inspired by Nature, Artistic Legacies, and Traditions in Sculpture galleries take up most of the east side of the upper floor of the museum. The latter of these shows the sculptors from diverse cultures have, through history, explored the possibilities in expressing oneself using metal, wood, or stone. The Inspired by Nature gallery shows how many artists, including contemporary ones, draw their influence from the world around us – often commenting on our own human impact on that natural world.

Contrastingly, the Artistic Legacies gallery compares more traditional art and the work of modern artists. The displayed exhibits attempt to show how people, in creating specific art objects, attempt to illustrate the human spirit, the cultures they are familiar with, and the imaginative input of the objects’ creators.

The easternmost side of the museum, adjacent to Edinburgh University’s Old College, will bring back memories for many regular visitors to the museum; but, with an extensive array of new items. The museum’s dedicated taxidermy staff have produced a wide variety of fresh examples from the natural world.

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At ground level, the Animal World and Wildlife Panorama’s most imposing exhibit is probably the lifesize reproduction of a Tyrannosaurus Rex skeleton. This rubs shoulders with other examples from around the world, including one of a pair of elephants. The on-display elephant could not be removed whilst renovation work was underway, and lurked in a corner of the gallery as work went on around it.

Above, in the Animal Senses gallery, are examples of how we experience the world through our senses, and contrasting examples of wildly differing senses, or extremes of such, present in the natural world. This gallery also has giant screens, suspended in the free space, which show footage ranging from the most tranquil and peaceful life in the sea to the tooth-and-claw bloody savagery of nature.

The Survival gallery gives visitors a look into the ever-ongoing nature of evolution; the causes of some species dying out while others thrive, and the ability of any species to adapt as a method of avoiding extinction.

Earth in Space puts our place in the universe in perspective. Housing Europe’s oldest surviving Astrolabe, dating from the eleventh century, this gallery gives an opportunity to see the technology invented to allow us to look into the big questions about what lies beyond Earth, and probe the origins of the universe and life.

In contrast, the Restless Earth gallery shows examples of the rocks and minerals formed through geological processes here on earth. The continual processes of the planet are explored alongside their impact on human life. An impressive collection of geological specimens are complemented with educational multimedia presentations.

Beyond working on new galleries, and the main redevelopment, the transformation team have revamped galleries that will be familiar to regular past visitors to the museum.

Formerly known as the Ivy Wu Gallery of East Asian Art, the Looking East gallery showcases National Museums Scotland’s extensive collection of Korean, Chinese, and Japanese material. The gallery’s creation was originally sponsored by Sir Gordon Wu, and named after his wife Ivy. It contains items from the last dynasty, the Manchu, and examples of traditional ceramic work. Japan is represented through artefacts from ordinary people’s lives, expositions on the role of the Samurai, and early trade with the West. Korean objects also show the country’s ceramic work, clothing, and traditional accessories used, and worn, by the indigenous people.

The Ancient Egypt gallery has always been a favourite of visitors to the museum. A great many of the exhibits in this space were returned to Scotland from late 19th century excavations; and, are arranged to take visitors through the rituals, and objects associated with, life, death, and the afterlife, as viewed from an Egyptian perspective.

The Art and Industry and European Styles galleries, respectively, show how designs are arrived at and turned into manufactured objects, and the evolution of European style – financed and sponsored by a wide range of artists and patrons. A large number of the objects on display, often purchased or commissioned, by Scots, are now on display for the first time ever.

Shaping our World encourages visitors to take a fresh look at technological objects developed over the last 200 years, many of which are so integrated into our lives that they are taken for granted. Radio, transportation, and modern medicines are covered, with a retrospective on the people who developed many of the items we rely on daily.

What was known as the Museum of Scotland, a modern addition to the classical Victorian-era museum, is now known as the Scottish Galleries following the renovation of the main building.

This dedicated newer wing to the now-integrated National Museum of Scotland covers the history of Scotland from a time before there were people living in the country. The geological timescale is covered in the Beginnings gallery, showing continents arranging themselves into what people today see as familiar outlines on modern-day maps.

Just next door, the history of the earliest occupants of Scotland are on display; hunters and gatherers from around 4,000 B.C give way to farmers in the Early People exhibits.

The Kingdom of the Scots follows Scotland becoming a recognisable nation, and a kingdom ruled over by the Stewart dynasty. Moving closer to modern-times, the Scotland Transformed gallery looks at the country’s history post-union in 1707.

Industry and Empire showcases Scotland’s significant place in the world as a source of heavy engineering work in the form of rail engineering and shipbuilding – key components in the building of the British Empire. Naturally, whisky was another globally-recognised export introduced to the world during empire-building.

Lastly, Scotland: A Changing Nation collects less-tangible items, including personal accounts, from the country’s journey through the 20th century; the social history of Scots, and progress towards being a multicultural nation, is explored through heavy use of multimedia exhibits.

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